LEARN ABOUT PERSONAL HEALTH

“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

The World Heath Organization
STUDY PERSONAL HEALTH
STUDY PERSONAL HEALTH

“The first step is to study the problem. To get started, review the two primary components of personal health and then check out the eight dimensions of wellness and eight common healing needs.”

Studious Cat

Co-Presenter, Six Steps To Solve Any Challenge

WELLNESS & HEALING ARE GOOD FOR EVERYONE

IMPORTANCE OF WELLNESS

Wellness is the process of becoming aware of and making conscious choices toward a balanced and healthy life.

Importance of Healing

Healing is the process of making or becoming healthy again through natural, medicinal, or other intervention.

DIMENSIONS OF WELLNESS

Social wellness is the process of creating and maintaining healthy relationships and contributing to your community.

Physical wellness is the process of engaging in physical activity on a daily basis.

Emotional wellness is the process of creating and maintaining a positive balance and enthusiasm about life.

Career wellness is the process of making and maintaining choices that are meaningful and that contribute to personal growth and work satisfaction.

Intellectual wellness is the process of expanding personal knowledge and skills by learning new ideas, seeking out new information, and sharing them with others.

Environmental wellness is the process of taking responsibility for the environment and creating sustainable human and ecological communities, as well as improving the quality of air, water, land, and space.

Spiritual wellness is the process of seeking meaning and purpose in human existence and establishing peace and harmony in our lives.

Financial wellness is the process of understanding your financial situation and effectively managing your income and your expenses.

COMMON HEALING NEEDS AROUND THE WORLD

Heart disease (sometimes called cardiovascular disease) describes a range of conditions that affect the heart, including blood vessel diseases, rhythm problems (arrhythmias), and congenital disorder (condition existing at or before birth). Many of the leading risk factors for heart disease are preventable, including tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, insufficient exercise, excessive alcohol, and high blood pressure.

Obesity means an excess amount of body fat (usually measured by a person's weight in relation to his or her height). The primary cause for obesity is the consumption of more calories than one burns through exercise and regular day activities. Less frequently, obesity is caused by medical diseases or conditions such as Prader-Willi syndrome and Cushing's syndrome. Obesity increases the risk for many other serious diseases and health conditions, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Cancer refers to a large number of diseases characterized by the development of abnormal cells that divide uncontrollably and have the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal tissue throughout the body. Common causes of cancer include smoking and tobacco, obesity and lack of exercise, excessive alcohol, sun and other types of radiation, viruses and other infections, carcinogens, chronic inflammation, and genetic pre-disposition.

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or severely reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Types of strokes include blood clots (ischemic stroke), temporary blood clots (transient ischemic attacks), and bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). The leading causes of stroke include high blood pressure, heart disease, and high cholesterol.

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose (or blood sugar) is too high either because insulin production is inadequate (Type 1) or the body does not properly use the insulin it produces (Type 2). Diabetes can cause heart disease, stroke, and damage to eyes, kidneys, and nerves. The leading causes of diabetes include genetics, obesity, and physical inactivity.

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive brain disorder that destroys memory and thinking skills, and eventually the ability to carry out simple tasks. Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia. Doctors currently do not yet know exactly what causes Alzheimer's disease, but some believe that it is a combination of environmental, genetic, and lifestyle factors.

Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites and can directly or indirectly spread between individuals. Examples of infectious diseases include malaria (a disease spread by insects), tuberculosis (a disease spread through the air), salmonella (a foodborne illness).

Access to personal health services impacts wellness and healing. Each person's access depends on individual decisions, the environment, geography, education, income, genetics, and social factors.

OBSERVE WHAT OTHERS ARE DOING TO HELP
OBSERVE WHAT OTHERS ARE DOING TO HELP

“After you learn about wellness and healing, observe current efforts to improve personal health. Below are some examples of videos, posters, websites, inventions, public messages, and community events and educational programs.”

Observant Mouse

Co-Presenter, Six Steps To Solve Any Challenge

Videos

DIABETES

DIABETES

This World Health Organization video identifies the steps to help beat diabetes.

Meditation

This Scientific American video explains that meditation can positively change the brain.

Stress

Stress

This TED-Ed video explains what happens to the body when it continuously experiences stress.

Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance

This TED-Ed video explains how harmful bacteria can mutate and resist medicine.

POSTERS

WELLNESS

By Jeremy P., Grade 4, New York

HEALING

By Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

WEBSITES

World Health Organization

This website provides health updates and information from around the world.

CDC

This website provides information to protect against health, safety, and security threats.

INVENTIONS

EYEGLASSES

Rounded glass and colored gems were used in ancient Rome to read and block the sun. Salvino D'Armate is often credited as creating the first eyeglasses for reading in about 1286.

Syringe

Francis Rynd developed the first syringe with a hollow needle in 1844 to deliver fluids intravenously in the body.

X-Rays

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered x-rays in 1895, which quickly advanced medical technology.

Band Aid

The Band-Aid was invented in 1920 by Thomas Anderson and Earle Dickson as an easy way to cover cuts and burns.

Wearable Fitness Technology

Edward Price and Lewis Rasmussen invented the wearable heart rate monitor in 1980 as a way to easily measure heart rate while mobile.

THE NEXT BIG IDEA

Between now and May 1, 2018, it’s up to you to develop a new idea, or improve on an existing idea, to improve personal health through wellness or healing.

PUBLIC MESSAGES

The “Cover Your Cough” message campaign urges you to cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or, if you don't have a tissue, to cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not your hands. Covering your cough will stop the spread of germs that make you and others sick.

The “Know Your Numbers” message reminds you to focus on the key markers of heart health, such as blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. By keeping those numbers within a healthy range, you can greatly improve your heart health and reduce your risk for heart disease.

The “Be Tobacco Free” campaign seeks to reduce the number of people at risk of tobacco-related illnesses and second-hand smoke. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and tobacco is a primary cause of preventable illness and death.

The “FAST” public message campaign provide a helpful way to remember the signs of a stroke and the importance of immediate medical attention. The FAST acronym stands for Face drooping, Arm weakness, Slurred speech, and Time to call for help.

The “Commit To Be Fit” message challenges individuals to adopt healthy habits by engaging in physical activity and eating nutritious foods on a daily basis.

Ralph Waldo Emerson, an American essayist and poet, wrote in 1860 that, “The first wealth is health,” meaning that good health can lead to economic prosperity. The phrase is now commonly repeated as “health is wealth,” associating good health with financial wellness.

COMMUNITY EVENTS & EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

MyPlate illustrates the five food groups that are the building blocks for a healthy diet using an image of a meal place setting which is divided as follows: approximately 30% grains, 40% vegetables, 10% fruits and 20% protein, along with a smaller circle representing dairy, such as a glass of milk or a yogurt cup.

The NFL PLAY 60 Challenge is a four-week program that inspires kids to get the recommended 60 minutes of physical activity a day in school and at home. The American Heart Association and the National Football League teamed up to create the NFL PLAY 60 Challenge.

The 4-H Healthy Living programs focus on nutrition, childhood obesity, drug awareness, bullying prevention, health and fitness, safety, stress management, and food science. These programs help 4-H youth learn about living a healthy lifestyle through fun, hands-on activities, and projects that are available through schools, 4-H clubs, and camps.

Get Outdoors Day is a program that encourages individuals, especially youth, to seek out healthy, active outdoor lives and embrace parks, forests, refuges, and other public lands and waters. Get Outdoors Day was created by the United States Forest Service and the American Recreation Coalition.

The UN Foundation's Nothing But Nets is a global, grassroots campaign to raise awareness and funding to prevent the spread of malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa by sending nets to at-risk individuals and families.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) expand access to health services in underserved communities, especially during emergencies. The IFRC is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 190 member National Societies.